There were Messianist Zionists, at the other end of the spectrum, who also saw the Holocaust as a collective punishment for ongoing Jewish unfaithfulness to G-d, who is more important than the Land of Israel. Rabbi Baal Mordecai Atiyah said that the Holocaust was a form of a divine punishment. Rabbi Rambam said that the jews incurred upon them a blood curse when they crucified Jesus Christ their messiah. Hence G-d's wrath was kindled upon them. Furthermore the behavior of the kofer jews warrants such divine punishments each century.